Vietnam 100 years ago: Hoan Kiem legend as it was told in 1890s


The lake awakens recollections greatly prized by the Annamites, those of the independence which they won by their victory over the Chinese. The legend attaching to the lake of the great sword (Hoam-Kiem-ho) is that in 1418, when Annam was under the Chinese yoke, a fisherman, Le-loi, having
past his nets into the lake, drew out a long sword.

Taking this to be a presage from heaven, he got up a rising against the Chinese, who, after ten years’ struggle, abandoned Annam, The liberator, having been crowned king by his companions, decided that a sacrifice should be made to thank the gods for their goodness.

The preparations for this sacrifice having been completed, the sword which had guided them to victory was carried with great pomp to the shore, but the ceremony had barely begun when the sword leapt from its scabbard and changed into a dragon, which at once leapt in the water and was seen no more. This was at once recognised to be the genius of the lake and a pagoda was built in his honour.

Read more:
Vietnam 100 years ago: Halong impressions of Prince Henri d’Orléans
Vietnam 100 years ago: Hoan Kiem legend as it was told in 1890s

Text: Prince Henri d’Orléans (1867-1901)
Around Tonkin and Siam
Publication date: 1894
Publisher: London, Chapman & Hall
Photo: old photo from internet


Vietnam 100 years ago: table manners
Vietnam 100 years ago: chewing the betel-nut
Vietnam 100 years ago: how to become a mandarin
Vietnam 100 years ago: religion and superstitions
Vietnam 100 years ago: worshiping ancestors

Vietnam 100 years ago: practice of polygamy
Vietnam 100 years ago: chief wives of the mandarins
Vietnam 100 years ago: numerous wives of the Emperor
Vietnam 100 years ago: emperor and aristocracy


APEC 2017
The 25th APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting in Danang – Article by Vladimir Putin
APEC 2017: President Trump at APEC CEO Summit in Vietnam
APEC 2017: Vladimir Putin met with President of Vietnam
APEC 2017: President of Russia met with Prime Minister of Japan
Vietnam: meeting APEC Business Advisory Council


Japan: briefly about Doing Business 2017
Korea: briefly about Doing Business 2017
Malaysia: briefly about Doing Business 2017
Singapore: briefly about Doing Business 2017
Thailand: briefly about Doing Business 2017
Vietnam: briefly about Doing Business 2017